Updated Guidelines On Dental Sedation Address Concerns Over Safety For Paediatric Patients
For patients undergoing deep sedation, it is recommended that an independent skilled observer be present. The American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP) has updated its guidance on sedation for dental procedures in children in a clinical report written in conjunction with the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry.
The report, “Guidelines for Monitoring and Management of Pediatric Patients Before, During and After Sedation for Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures,”, will be published in the June 2019 issue of Paediatrics (28th May online).
The guidelines recommend that at least two people with specific training and credentials should be present with a paediatric patient undergoing deep sedation or general anesthesia for dental treatment in a dental facility or hospital. The report also clarifies that the sedation should be administered by a qualified anesthesia provider. The 2019 guidelines define a role of a qualified anesthesia provider, who may include a medical anaesthesiologist, certified registered nurse anaesthetist, dentist anaesthesiologist or second oral surgeon.
“Sedation for dental procedures in children and teenagers is generally safe,” said Dr. Charles J. Coté, lead author of the clinical report, who is a paediatrician and a paediatric anesthesiologist. “However, we are aware of adverse outcomes when a single dental provider simultaneously performs the procedure and administers deep sedation or general anaesthesia for dental procedures. These guidelines ensure the safety of patients who undergo these procedures.”
Under the 2019 guidelines, one of the two trained people required for sedation must be an independent observer who is not involved with performing or assisting with the dental procedure. The observer’s sole responsibility is to constantly observe the patient’s vital signs and to be skilled to assist with any medical emergency. Both the independent observer and the operating dentist must be certified in Paediatric Advanced Life Support.
The prior guidelines had called for the presence of at least one trained person with the Paediatric Advanced Life Support certification.